The Amarna period, roughly 1353-1336 BCE, introduced a new form of art that completely contradicted what was known and revered in the Egyptian culture. The pharaoh Amenhotep IV not only changed his name from Amenhotep to Akhenaten, and the religion of ancient Egypt from polytheistic to monotheistic, but he also challenged the norm of Egyptian society by depicting his reign in a vastly different way from the rulers who came before him.


It’s funny they are acting like this is some “groundbreaking new insight”, when it is basically the same ideas presented in the 1998 book THE SHAMANS OF PREHISTORY, THE MIND IN THE CAVE (2002), and INSIDE THE NEOLITHIC MIND (2005), all written by David Lewis Williams.

The paper posits that the Paleolithic artisans were motivated by the transformative nature of the subterranean, oxygen-depleted space; there they could communicate with nonhuman entities inhabiting the underworld. They were making the drawings not for the tribe to see, but for keeping and maintaining their relationships with the cosmos.


“We’re dealing with engines of manipulation and suasion that have studied us with greater care than you would wish to imagine, in order to obtain certain ends not necessarily friendly to you, this is what I meant when I said culture is not your friend. Culture is out to screw you in some way. You know, it wants to sell you something or it wants to have you react in a certain way.”

– Terence McKenna